The Emerging Legal Regime in Somalia

Somalia has lacked a functioning central government since 1991, following the ousting of President Mohammed Siad Barre. Today, Somalia’s capital city of Mogadishu is under the direct control of a Somali government and since the adoption of the Provisional Constitution on August 1, 2012, the country has embarked on a promising path to post-conflict recovery and legal reform.


Reconstruction and development of physical and institutional infrastructure is essential to Somalia’s post-conflict recovery. Foreign direct investment is critical to this process, and there are countless economic opportunities for foreign investors to help revitalize Somali industries and redevelop infrastructure. Mogadishu Law Office helps foreign investors navigate the emerging legal regime in Somalia, and can offer insight and contractual expertise to protect capital investments from adverse legislative changes and political conditions.




Improvements in security, access to justice, and basic services has resulted in the organized return of displaced populations and diaspora. Post-conflict return movements can trigger disputes over property, access to employment, the absence of civil documentation, and open economic exploitation. The legal and business services offered by Mogadishu Law Office contribute directly to the empowerment and economic development of Somalia.


Finally, two decades of civil war and statelessness have resulted in dramatic changes in Somalia’s political, social, and economic environment. The laws decreed during the military administration of Siad Barre remain in force in Somalia, however the resulting anarchy following the fall of state institutions left many of these laws antiquated and in serious need of reform. Mogadishu Law Office maintains an impressive archive of pre-war Somali legislation and presidential decrees, and enthusiastically supports the legal reform initiatives of Somali government institutions and international non-governmental organizations.